Domestic Aviation Projects
(BNA) Nashville International Airport, Tennessee
Fuel System Upgrades
The Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority (MNAA) has retained Argus Consulting for planning, design, construction and resident engineering services to upgrade the airport fueling facilities that were constructed in the 1980s. The resulting BNA Fuel System Repairs project provides improvements to nearly all fuel system functions including pipeline receipt, truck unloading, fuel storage, hydrant fueling, tank-to-tank transfer and refueling loading. Additionally, the project covers modifications to the tank stripper system, site lighting, a storm/containment drainage system and installation of a 24/7 security system.
The master planning effort began in 2013 with Argus completing a thorough assessment of the pipeline receiving systems, the bulk storage facilities, truck loading and unloading operations, the operations and maintenance buildings, the fuel hydrant system and the emergency fuel shutoff system. Using its proprietary flight-based modeling to compare fuel consumption and demand projections, Argus then created a master plan document that established what equipment could continue to support the facility and that which needed to be upgraded.
Some tasks required immediate action and were undertaken immediately. The planning effort resulted in a two-phased design/construction program that addressed the immediate concerns of the airport and provided a right-sized system for the future.
Argus has completed design and construction services for Project 1, which involves tank shell and floor repairs, tank coating, miscellaneous electrical improvements and hydrant system improvements. Argus has completed Project 1 A, construction of a new 6500 sq. ft. Operations and Maintenance Building. It features a truck maintenance area to repair refueler trucks, tool storage, an electrical and control room, break room, locker room, four offices, a multipurpose room, and 21 sq. feet of storage.
Project 2 is currently under construction. It includes modification of the containment drainage system, new right-sized pump pad, new tank gauging and controls, new operations and maintenance building, transmission line improvements, and modifications to the airport EFSO system. The project also includes the removal of abandoned underground storage tanks and pipelines.
(MSY) Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, Louisiana
New Terminal Hydrant System Planning, Design and Construction Services
On this $35 million project, Argus was retained to provide programming, planning design, bidding, construction administration and resident engineering services for the construction of a new hydrant fuel system to serve the new North Terminal.
This new system will provide hydrant fueling for 30 gates at the terminal as well as a new tank farm on the south side of the Airport consisting of two 10,000 BBL ASTs and a transfer pump/filtration station. The tank farm and terminal hydrants will be connected by approximately one mile of new, dual transmission pipelines directionally drilled beneath the runway. The new fuel system will be designed and constructed in two phases, the first phase fast-tracked to synchronize the hydrant system with the design and construction of the terminal’s ramp and the second phase for the completion of the remainder of the system, both phases will be completed and the system ready for service when the North Terminal is opened.
The decision to construct the hydrant system was based on extensive modeling the flight schedule and system/vehicle operations for several alternatives including direct tank truck delivery to the aircraft and hydrant delivery. Hydrant delivery was selected because of the lack of space available on the north side of the airport, the limited access from the south side of the airport to the north side and the opportunity to construct the hydrants before the construction of the terminal ramp.
The design of the Tank Farm included 2-10,000 bbl aboveground tanks, 5-750 GPM pump/filter trains, an 800GPM inbound pipeline receipt filtration train, 2 tank truck offload stations and a 2,600 s.f. administration/operations/maintenance building. Additionally, upgrades were made to 2-5,000 bbl existing aboveground tanks and to the existing 4 position remote refueler load rack.
(LGA) LaGuardia Airport, New York
Central Terminal Building Modernization Hydrant System Design
Argus Consulting is the member of the team redeveloping the Central Terminal Building at LaGuardia International Airport in New York. LGA has embarked on a massive modernization project that features a new 35-gate central terminal with two new concourses, associated infrastructure and a new parking garage. The project includes demolition of the existing CTB and parking garage. Argus designed the addressable Emergency Fuel Shut-Off (EFSO) system, hydrant placement and ramp hydrant piping for the A and B concourses to support Group 3 aircraft and Group 4 aircraft. The design features a ring around each concourse and a connection to a future fuel distribution main. The project is designed to be completed in seven phases to maintain airport operations throughout construction.
(ORD) Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Illinois
Terminal 2 Concourse F Hydrant Fueling System Modifications
Argus Consulting was retained by United Airlines to design, prepare bid documents and support construction for hydrant fueling system modifications at Terminal 2 Concourse F that will accommodate the current fleet of regional jets as well as larger aircraft projected for future gate use. The new aircraft hydrant fueling system includes tying into an existing concrete isolation vault, installing a new concrete isolation valve vault for manual isolation and flushing purposes during construction, installing new hydrant piping and addressing abandoned piping, replacing concrete pavement, installing new cathodic protection, and modifying the existing Emergency Fuel Shut-Off System (EFSO) to better serve the owner’s fuel system isolation needs. The construction was conducted in multiple phases to minimize impacts to United’s flight operations.
(OAK) Oakland International Airport, California
Fuel Storage and Maintenance Facility Design
Argus was retained to provide comprehensive design and construction oversight for a complete renovation of two side-by-side bulk fuel farms at OAK over a five-year period.
This project presented a number of challenges, including working within the limited footprint of the two former tank farms, seismic concerns and the site’s proximity to San Francisco Bay with wetlands on three sides. There were also potential endangered species in the area and previous contamination with multiple responsible parties.
A true example of successful collaboration, planning for this project took several years and extensive coordination between the airport, local code authorities, all major U.S. airlines and a large engineering team. The project was also phased to allow the site to remain active during the renovation. Phase 1 included the design and construction of a new bulk fuel storage facility on former Tank Farm C including three 36,500-barrel storage tanks and an operations building. Once this facility was operating, the existing bulk storage tanks and site infrastructure on Tank Farm S were demolished, making way for subsurface remediation activities.
Phase 1 at Tank Farm C was successfully completed and brought on-line, followed by Tank Farm S, which includes a new 7,800-square-foot administrative building and two bays for refueler maintenance. The site also includes a new hydrant cart/truck test stand that will be used for meter calibration and other related activities.
(DAL) Dallas Love Field Airport, Texas
Hydrant System Design and Construction Follow-On
As part of DAL’s new passenger terminal and concourse addition, Southwest Airlines worked with Argus to design a hydrant fueling system to support the new terminal and concourse building. Constructed in multiple phases, Southwest’s home airport will have 20 aircraft gates, each with the full complement of ground support systems, including hydrant fueling. The hydrant system was designed with looped piping to maximize system flow rate capacity and mitigate system surge pressures. We strategically located isolation vaults and zoned the emergency fuel shut-offs, allowing for periodic leak detection monitoring, testing and maintenance without taking all gates out of service. To supply the new system, new duct transmission lines were installed beneath two active runways using directional drilling techniques.
(LAS) Las Vegas McCarran International Airport, Nevada
Hydrant Systems Planning, Design and Construction Follow-On
Fuel Storage Facility Planning and Programming Services
For 10 years, Argus has provided planning, design and construction follow-on services for aircraft hydrant fueling systems at LAS. In that time, we have prepared designs for a variety of hydrant system expansion and improvement projects, including:
- A new hydrant system for Terminal 3/International Terminal
- A new hydrant system for Concourse C
- A new curbside refueler truck rack
Argus has also performed detailed analyses on the short- and long-term capabilities of the LAS fuel receiving, storage and fuel distribution systems. Using a customized capacity/demand model to determine potential deficiencies and limitations, we developed scenarios to improve capacity, including adding a new supply of fuel into the airport, adding storage tanks, and improving pumping capacity and piping distribution. Argus continues to serve as program manager for the expansion of the airport’s fuel receiving system and storage tank farm.
(JFK) John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York
Terminal 4, Expansion of Aircraft Hydrant Fuel System
Providing resident engineer services from our New York office, Argus worked hand-in-hand with Delta Air Lines on the redevelopment of JFK’s 23-gate International Arrivals Terminal (IAT). The 7-year project required relocating IAT operations and upgrading fuel system infrastructure while maintaining continuous operation.
The scope of work included integration of pumping systems, relocation of system piping, replacement of the EFSO systems, new pumping systems controls, and abandonment of old fuel lines in accordance with regulations. Leak detection and cathodic protection systems were also programmed. Argus also assisted with demolition of a ground service equipment facility at Terminal 3, and provided hydrant fuel system analysis, planning, design and construction documents for modifying the Terminal 4 Concourses A and B.
At Concourse A, we modified concourse fuel mains, three Terminal 5 fuel distribution mains underneath the concourse, and fuel pits for new east and west side gates. Existing fuel valve pits at two gates were relocated. Argus also provided engineering for the extension of the Concourse B hydrant system, reconfiguration of fuel mains serving existing hardstands and removal of piping at decommissioned hardstands.
To accomplish required flow rates to the expanded system, we modified piping and control systems for four pump stations in the satellite fuel farm. The existing hydrant system serving the Phase 1 concourse extension required two new mains originating at a Phase 1 isolation valve vault. Construction documents were prepared for piping, the EFSO system and cathodic protection. Three independent hydrant fuel systems now operate to support the three terminals involved.