Domestic Aviation Projects
(OAK) Oakland International Airport, California
Fuel Storage and Maintenance Facility Design
Argus was retained to provide comprehensive design and construction oversight for a complete renovation of two side-by-side bulk fuel farms at OAK over a five-year period.
This project presented a number of challenges, including working within the limited footprint of the two former tank farms, seismic concerns and the site’s proximity to San Francisco Bay with wetlands on three sides. There were also potential endangered species in the area and previous contamination with multiple responsible parties.
A true example of successful collaboration, planning for this project took several years and extensive coordination between the airport, local code authorities, all major U.S. airlines and a large engineering team. The project was also phased to allow the site to remain active during the renovation. Phase 1 included the design and construction of a new bulk fuel storage facility on former Tank Farm C including three 36,500-barrel storage tanks and an operations building. Once this facility was operating, the existing bulk storage tanks and site infrastructure on Tank Farm S were demolished, making way for subsurface remediation activities.
Phase 1 at Tank Farm C was successfully completed and brought on-line, followed by Tank Farm S, which includes a new 7,800-square-foot administrative building and two bays for refueler maintenance. The site also includes a new hydrant cart/truck test stand that will be used for meter calibration and other related activities.
(DAL) Dallas Love Field Airport, Texas
Hydrant System Design and Construction Follow-On
As part of DAL’s new passenger terminal and concourse addition, Southwest Airlines worked with Argus to design a hydrant fueling system to support the new terminal and concourse building. Constructed in multiple phases, Southwest’s home airport will have 20 aircraft gates, each with the full complement of ground support systems, including hydrant fueling. The hydrant system was designed with looped piping to maximize system flow rate capacity and mitigate system surge pressures. We strategically located isolation vaults and zoned the emergency fuel shut-offs, allowing for periodic leak detection monitoring, testing and maintenance without taking all gates out of service. To supply the new system, new duct transmission lines were installed beneath two active runways using directional drilling techniques.
(LAS) Las Vegas McCarran International Airport, Nevada
Hydrant Systems Planning, Design and Construction Follow-On
Fuel Storage Facility Planning and Programming Services
For 10 years, Argus has provided planning, design and construction follow-on services for aircraft hydrant fueling systems at LAS. In that time, we have prepared designs for a variety of hydrant system expansion and improvement projects, including:
- A new hydrant system for Terminal 3/International Terminal
- A new hydrant system for Concourse C
- A new curbside refueler truck rack
Argus has also performed detailed analyses on the short- and long-term capabilities of the LAS fuel receiving, storage and fuel distribution systems. Using a customized capacity/demand model to determine potential deficiencies and limitations, we developed scenarios to improve capacity, including adding a new supply of fuel into the airport, adding storage tanks, and improving pumping capacity and piping distribution. Argus continues to serve as program manager for the expansion of the airport’s fuel receiving system and storage tank farm.
(ISP) Long Island MacArthur Airport, Long Island, New York
Fuel Storage Facility Design and Construction Follow-On
Our client, Southwest Airlines, needed a new Jet-A fuel storage facility to replace an outdated storage facility at ISP. To comply with New York standards, existing underground single-wall storage tanks had to be taken out of service on a short timeframe. To expedite the design and construction of the new facility, Argus prepared an early equipment procurement package for long-lead equipment items. The resulting facility included six new 50,000-gallon horizontal Jet-A storage tanks, landside truck unloading, airside truck loading, canopies over the fueling islands, a simple operations office and utility improvements. All work was completed on the existing one-acre site, and no fueling operations were interrupted during the construction of the expanded facility.
(JFK) John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York
Terminal 4, Expansion of Aircraft Hydrant Fuel System
Providing resident engineer services from our New York office, Argus worked hand-in-hand with Delta Air Lines on the redevelopment of JFK’s 23-gate International Arrivals Terminal (IAT). The 7-year project required relocating IAT operations and upgrading fuel system infrastructure while maintaining continuous operation.
The scope of work included integration of pumping systems, relocation of system piping, replacement of the EFSO systems, new pumping systems controls, and abandonment of old fuel lines in accordance with regulations. Leak detection and cathodic protection systems were also programmed. Argus also assisted with demolition of a ground service equipment facility at Terminal 3, and provided hydrant fuel system analysis, planning, design and construction documents for modifying the Terminal 4 Concourses A and B.
At Concourse A, we modified concourse fuel mains, three Terminal 5 fuel distribution mains underneath the concourse, and fuel pits for new east and west side gates. Existing fuel valve pits at two gates were relocated. Argus also provided engineering for the extension of the Concourse B hydrant system, reconfiguration of fuel mains serving existing hardstands and removal of piping at decommissioned hardstands.
To accomplish required flow rates to the expanded system, we modified piping and control systems for four pump stations in the satellite fuel farm. The existing hydrant system serving the Phase 1 concourse extension required two new mains originating at a Phase 1 isolation valve vault. Construction documents were prepared for piping, the EFSO system and cathodic protection. Three independent hydrant fuel systems now operate to support the three terminals involved.
(ORD) Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Illinois
Airport Wide Fuel System Master Plan
Argus was retained by the ORD airline fuel consortium to prepare a comprehensive fuel system master plan for the facilities serving the third largest airport in the United States. The primary objectives of the master plan were to:
- Prepare for significant airport runway and taxiway construction that is expected to have a significant impact on the existing fueling systems
- Eliminate a redundant satellite fuel farm and provide a direct feed supply of fuel from the bulk Tank Farm
- Complete a condition assessment of the airports existing fueling infrastructure to identify the projected lifespan of critical equipment and identify systems that could be modified and result in long term costs savings
- Prepare projections of future fuel consumption and peak demands considering the airports planned growth
- Develop a variety of alternatives to address each of the above
Working with the airlines, the fuel system operator and a variety of other partners, Argus utilized a stepwise approach to complete the master planning effort. This included the preparation of five individual working papers that allowed the stakeholders to provide input and make critical decisions at each stage of the program development.
The Master Planning effort provided a long term vision for the airport fueling systems that allows for staged implementation of the improvements in concert with the airports development plans, provided “right-size” solutions for the airport, and addressed portions of the system that could operate more efficiently. Most notably, the consensus building approach resulted in all of the stakeholders coming to agreement on the Path Forward.